Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs) represents one of its kind education system which is meant for talented students across India. The focus is to provide a unique platform to gifted students belonging to rural and remote parts of India and to nurture their skills in such a way that they can take on all forthcoming challenges in their life.
Have a look at some of the must-know facts about Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya which every navodayan should know.
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas are established all over India with an exception of Tamil Nadu (because of Anti-Hindi Movements in past times). The school was founded by Mr. Raiv Gandhi (the 6th Prime Minister of India) in the year 1986. Navodaya Vidyalayas are located in rural areas across the country, the State Govt. has to offer cost-free land and rent-free temporary buildings for the setting up of a Navodaya Vidyalaya.
JNVs are specifically assigned the responsibility of finding talented children in rural parts of India and providing them with an education similar to the best residential school system, without consideration to their family’s socio-economic status.
At JNVs classes starts from 6th standard and goes up to 12th standards, streams are divided after 10th standards such as Science, Arts, Commerce etc which usually based on merit and areas of interest. All JNVs are affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).
4. Migration of Students
Navodaya Vidyalayas aim at inculcating values of national integration through migration scheme. As per this scheme, 30% of students from one JNV are migrated to different JNV at the 9th standard for one academic year. Migration takes place usually between Hindi-speaking and Non-Hindi speaking districts. Efforts are made to promote a better understanding of the unity in diversity and cultural heritage through various activities.
5. JNVST: Entrance on the basis of Merit
Navodaya Vidyalayas draw their student strength from talented children, selected on the basis of a merit test, called the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test. This test was designed and conducted initially by NCERT and now by the CBSE. The test is held once in a year on All India basis and at block and district levels. The pattern is objective and is so designed as to ensure that rural children are not at a disadvantage.
6. Reservation of Seats
Admission in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas is primarily for children from the rural areas, with the provision of at least 75% seats for rural children. Seats are reserved for children’
from SC and ST communities in proportion to their population in the district but not less than the national average. 1/3 of the seats are filled by girl students. 3% of the seats are for disabled children.
7. Co-educational Residential Schools with Free Education
Navodaya Vidyalayas are affiliated to CBSE and offer free education to talented children from 6th to 12th standard. Entry is made in 6th standard with the lateral entry in 9th and 11th. Each Navodaya Vidyalaya is a co-educational residential institution providing free boarding and lodging, expenses on uniforms, text books, stationery, to and fro rail and bus fare to students. However, a nominal fee @ Rs. 200/- per month is charged from students of the 9th standard to 12th standard as Vidyalaya Vikas Nidhi. The students belonging to SC, ST categories, girls, disabled students and children of the families Below Poverty Line (BPL) are exempted from payment of this fee.
8. Three-Language Formula
All Navodaya Vidyalayas follow the Three Language Formula i.e. Regional language, English, and Hindi. The third language taught in Hindi speaking districts is linked with the migration of students.
9. Medium of Instruction
The medium of instruction will be mother tongue/regional language up to 7th or 8th standard. Thereafter the common medium would be Hindi/English in all Navodaya Vidyalayas.
10. Cultural Activities and sports
Cultural activities are given due importance in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas. Each school has a music hall where the students are taught to play different musical instruments. Various inter-school competitions are held time to time at all India level. Apart from this, JNVs give great importance to sports. Every JNV provides facilities for volleyball, football, handball, basketball, kho-kho, badminton, kabaddi, hockey, and cricket. Inter-school competitions are also planned yearly once at the cluster, regional, national, and SGFI (School Games Federation of India) level.